Learning about the Ruger 10/22 in this edition of Shoot Safe

The Ruger 10/22 is a very popular semi-automatic rifle variant primarily used for small game hunting and target shooting. Chambered in .22LR, a very low caliber, the gun has a somewhat low effective range and stopping power but also very little recoil. This makes it ideal for sports shooting and practice by gun novices.

Ruger 1022Conservation Officer Chris Dekker with South Dakota Game, Fish and Parks explained how to properly operate the 10/22 at Fall River Gun Range.

Loading the gun:

The defining feature of the Ruger 10/22 is its patented 10-round rotary magazine. The magazine is fitted with a sprocket which, when the magazine is engaged, turns via a torsion spring. This mechanism is able to separate each round,  helping to prevent jamming and other mishaps when each is moved into position. The magazine is removed from the gun, bullets are pushed into the end of the magazine, pushing the sprocket as they enter. The magazine is loaded into the bottom of the gun, similar to other types of magazines.

 “So we’ve already got our magazine loaded up here. We can put that into the bottom, release our slide, and we are good to go.”

Firing the gun:

The Ruger 10/22 has a safety switch that prevents it from firing when engaged, as well as a slide that must be engaged to load the first round.

“So put that scope, put the dot on target, take the safety off and pull the trigger,” Dekker said. “It’s got a red dot scope on it which makes it very easy.”

Checking targets:

Before anyone moves downrange, it is important to make sure that all guns being fired are safe. Officer Dekker removed the magazine, cycled the round that was in the chamber out of the gun, and locked the slide open to guarantee that the gun could not fire.

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